What is Gum Soreness?
Gingivitis is pain, tenderness or discomfort in the gums. It is usually caused by inflammation or infection of the gums. Gum pain can indicate oral health problems and may require treatment. Gum problems can lead to more serious problems if left untreated, so early detection and treatment is important.
If you are experiencing gum pain or sensitivity in your gums, it is important to consult a dentist. Your dentist will identify the cause and recommend appropriate treatment.
How to recognize a sore gum
Sore gums usually manifest as a feeling of discomfort and pain in the mouth. To recognize gingival pain, you can look out for the following symptoms:
Gum Sensitivity: You may feel tenderness or pain in one or more areas of your gums. This sensitivity is usually more pronounced when touching, brushing your teeth or eating.
Redness and swelling: Inflammation and swelling of the gums can occur. Swelling can often affect a specific area in the mouth.
Bleeding: Slight bleeding from the gums may occur when brushing or flossing during gum inflammation.
Bad Breath: Gum problems can lead to bad breath or bad odor in the mouth.
Gum Recession: As a result of the gums receding backwards, the roots of the teeth may be more exposed, which can cause tingling and sensitivity.
Gum Discoloration: While healthy gums are pink in color, inflamed gums may take on a redder or purplish hue.
Difficulty Eating: You may experience discomfort during eating due to sore gums.
Sore gums can be a symptom of problems such as gingivitis and can lead to more serious dental health problems if not diagnosed and treated early.
Why does a sore gum occur?
Sore gums can occur for a number of different reasons. Common causes of sore gums:
Gingivitis: Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums and is one of the most common causes of sore gums. This condition occurs when a layer of bacteria called plaque, which accumulates in the mouth as a result of inadequate cleaning of the teeth, damages the gums.
Inadequate Brushing Habits: Failure to brush teeth regularly and correctly can lead to inflamed and sore gums.
Toothbrush Hardness: Using overly hard toothbrushes or brushing teeth too hard can damage gums and lead to aching teeth.
Sugary and Acidic Foods: Excessive consumption of sugary or acidic foods and beverages can lead to irritated and aching gums.
Dental Appliances or Dentures: Orthodontic appliances or dentures can cause friction or pressure on the gums, which can lead to a tingling sensation.
Gingival Resorption: The gums may recede due to aging or other reasons. This can lead to more exposure of the roots of the teeth and a feeling of aching.
Pregnancy: Some women may experience gum sensitivity and aching due to hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Gum Diseases: Gum diseases are more serious health problems that affect the gums and can cause pain.
How to Treat Sore Gums
Treatment of sore gums can vary depending on the underlying causes. Treatment usually involves controlling gingivitis, infection or irritation. Here are the common methods used to treat sore gums:
Dental Cleaning and Scaling: Sore gums are often associated with gingivitis or gingivitis. Your dentist or dental hygienist can remove plaque and tartar by cleaning your teeth. This can help your gums return to health.
Oral Hygiene Education: Your dentist can make suggestions to teach you better oral hygiene practices and teach you proper brushing and flossing habits.
Antibiotic Treatment: If the sore gums are due to infection, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics.
Adjustment of Dental Appliances: If gum leakage is a problem caused by orthodontic appliances or dentures, the dentist may recommend correction or adjustment of these appliances or dentures.
Gum Surgery: If gum pain is a symptom of a more serious condition and there is advanced gum disease (periodontal disease), gum surgery may be necessary. This procedure aims to correct or treat the gums.
Fluoride Treatment: Your dentist may recommend fluoride treatment to alleviate sore gums and protect your teeth.
How to Prevent Sore Gums
To prevent sore gums, it is important to brush regularly, floss, choose toothpaste containing fluoride and develop healthy eating habits. Regular dental check-ups, avoiding smoking and tobacco products, managing stress and regularly maintaining dental appliances also help to maintain gum health.