Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology
In oral, dental and maxillofacial radiology, it is the main branch of dentistry in which the findings are determined for the treatment planning of people with health problems in the mouth, teeth and jaw area. It is known as the branch of dentistry in which disorders, abnormalities and developmental problems in the mouth, teeth, gums and surrounding tissues are examined, diagnosis and treatment planning is made. In this department, different imaging methods are used to identify diseases. Radiographic images are taken, examined and evaluated, and referral is made to the specialty area to provide treatment.
The first point targeted in oral, dental and maxillofacial radiology is to identify the problem based on the patient's complaint. These are applications in which all areas of the mouth and teeth are examined, not only on existing complaints, and the problems in these areas are directed to treatment without causing bigger problems in the future. For this reason, by detecting the disorders early and applying protective and some preventive methods, it prevents different disorders that may develop and makes the treatment process simpler and easier.
What are the Imaging Methods Applied?
There are some imaging techniques used to identify and evaluate diseases that can develop in the mouth, teeth and jaw areas. With imaging methods, the complaints of the patients are examined and the treatment process is planned by directing the patients to the necessary specialist clinics with the results determined in this direction. Imaging methods applied in oral, dental and maxillofacial radiology are as follows:
- Panoramic Dental X-ray,
- Sephalometric radiography,
- Radiography (inside and outside the mouth),
- Dental Tomography.
In order for intraoral treatment to be successful, it is necessary to make the correct diagnosis and administer the treatment correctly. Oral diagnosis allows the use of scientific data to detect any discomfort that may occur inside and outside the mouth in dentistry, to determine the connection between them, and to perform the treatment correctly depending on the results obtained.
In a successful oral diagnostic examination, the examination of the mouth, teeth and surrounding tissues is performed together with radiological examination. In the oral diagnosis section of this area, all teeth and oral tissues are evaluated.
Patients are informed when no problems are observed in the teeth and no intervention is required. In this department, the diagnosis of disorders in the mouth, teeth and jaw area and the treatments to be applied are determined clinically and radiologically.
Radiographs taken from the mouth, teeth and jaw areas are used to identify and examine different disorders. Afterwards, a personalized treatment plan is made. For the treatment process, referrals are made to specialized clinics where treatments will be applied.
Oral diagnosis is not limited to dentistry. Symptoms and signs that develop in the mouth can lead to bleeding gums and different dental-related disorders. It is also a necessary examination for early diagnosis as it can cause important diseases such as leukemia.
Radiography during Pregnancy
The amount of radiation emitted by radiography devices used in dentistry is very low and does not pose any threat to human health. However, it is not recommended that people who are pregnant or suspected of pregnancy undergo radiography without a doctor's recommendation.