Why Do Orthodontic Problems Occur?
Orthodontic problems are mostly hereditary, although some of them may occur later in life. In case of missing or excessive number of teeth, spaced or crowded teeth, incompatible conditions related to the jaw can be inherited. Orthodontic problems that occur later are usually; finger sucking, early loss of milk teeth, gum disorders, respiratory problems and accidents.
Orthodontic treatments are performed for all age groups, but it is recommended to be performed in early age groups in order to prevent various health problems before they occur and to improve existing aesthetic problems quickly. With this treatment method, people can have a healthier mouth structure, a more impressive appearance and teeth that will remain in the mouth for a longer period of time.
What Causes Orthodontic Anomalies?
Orthodontics works in partnership with various branches of medicine and dentistry to treat congenital or acquired problems in the jaw and facial area. Orthodontic anomalies can occur for many different reasons;
- Genetic problems
- Congenital anomalies
- Physical factors
- Unhealthy diet
- Bad habits
What should the patient pay attention to during fixed orthodontic treatment?
During fixed orthodontic treatment, foods that can cause problems such as bracket rupture, separation from the tooth surface, bending of the wires should not be consumed. In addition, other situations to be considered during treatment are as follows;
- Since patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment cannot remove their braces, they should especially avoid very hard foods (apples, plums, foods with large seeds, acidic drinks, chewing gum), otherwise the glued brackets will come off and need to be re-glued.
- Patients should brush their teeth very carefully after each meal with special brushes. Foods that cannot be removed can cause stains, cavities and gum disease in the long term.
- Regular check-ups are the most effective factor in the total duration of treatment. Therefore, the patient should attend regular check-ups.
- The tires given to the patient to wear should be used continuously and properly at the times specified by the doctor.
How Necessary is Orthodontic Treatment?
Orthodontic treatment is not only an aesthetic concern, but also aims to prevent gum disorders that may be likely to be encountered in the future, to prevent problems in the jaw joint, to ensure chewing function and to eliminate this problem for people who have speech problems.
Depending on the orthodontic problem present in the mouth, treatment with removable appliances, functional appliances and fixed appliances can be determined. Easy orthodontic problems that are not seen at an advanced level can be solved with rubber removable appliances that the person can use by putting on and taking off.
It is very important not to interrupt the reinforcement treatments in order to prevent the deterioration in the treatments applied after the end of the primary orthondotic treatments. Different passively working appliances can be used for this period.
The department of orthodontics works in constant collaboration with other branches of dentistry.
Who Gets First Orthodontics?
Children's milk teeth begin to erupt at 6-8 months of age and are completed around 2.5 years of age. Permanent teeth begin to erupt at the age of 6-7. The first orthodontic control to be performed during this period is the most appropriate time for the diagnosis of future problems and early treatment if necessary. In some cases, the orthodontist sees the orthodontic problem that may occur but waits until the permanent teeth are completed for treatment. In adult patients, the teeth can be moved at any time, provided that the bone and gums are healthy. For orthognathic surgical treatment of some skeletal disorders, bone development must be complete.