What is a Removable Prosthesis?
A removable denture is a type of dental prosthesis that fits over supporting tissues to replace missing teeth. Removable dentures are usually based on the soft tissues in the mouth and are not fixed by sitting on the supporting tissues underneath, so they can be removed by the wearer.
Movable dentures are used to solve the aesthetic and functional problems of missing teeth. Regular maintenance and check-ups may be required to ensure that the denture fits comfortably and correctly. In addition, the new denture is expected to positively affect the user's speech and chewing abilities.
What are the types of mobile prostheses?
Movable prostheses can be of different types depending on the conditions of tooth loss and the needs of the patient. Types of removable dentures:
Total Dentures (Complete Dentures): Total dentures are used when all teeth are missing in the upper or lower jaw. Designed separately for the upper jaw and lower jaw, total dentures are fixed based on supporting tissues and can be removed by the user.
Partial Dentures: Used in cases where part of the natural teeth are present. Partial dentures made of acrylic or one-piece cast material are attached to the main teeth. They may not be preferred due to aesthetic concerns.
Precision Bonded Prostheses: This is a type of prosthesis that is preferred in cases where more than one tooth is missing. This special type of prosthesis achieves its retention by utilizing the support provided by the natural teeth remaining in the mouth.
Immediatric Dentures: Provides a quick solution in cases where all the main teeth need to be extracted. The patient can use this prosthesis immediately after the extraction of natural teeth. When healing is complete, permanent dentures are applied as the tissues become incompatible with this prosthesis.
Overdentures: Provides a custom prosthetic solution with retainers placed over existing natural teeth or roots. In this way, it effectively completes missing teeth while preserving natural teeth.
What are the Advantages of Removable Prostheses?
Mobile prostheses have many advantages:
Aesthetic Improvement: Removable dentures improve a person's smile and appearance by correcting aesthetic problems caused by missing teeth.
Functional Benefit: Prosthetics restore chewing function by replacing missing teeth, making it easier to chew and digest food.
Speech Improvement: Missing teeth can affect speech. Removable dentures can help improve speech when they are placed correctly.
Support and Comfort: Dentures provide comfort to the wearer because they rest on supportive tissues in the mouth. With the use of modern technology and materials, it is possible to make dentures lighter, more durable and comfortable.
Personal Comfort: Removable prostheses increase personal comfort thanks to their removable structure. They are easy to clean and maintain.
Fast Restoration: Immediatric dentures can be fitted immediately after tooth extractions, helping the patient to quickly achieve a functional and aesthetic solution without becoming toothless.
Cost Effectiveness: Movable dentures often offer a more cost-effective option for treating missing teeth compared to other restorative options.
Adaptability: Dentures have the ability to adapt to the form and functional requirements of the mouth. This allows the user to achieve a natural appearance.
These advantages help to improve a person's quality of life and solve the functional and aesthetic problems caused by missing teeth. However, each individual's situation is different, so it is important to consult a dentist to determine the most appropriate prosthetic option.
What are the Disadvantages of Removable Prostheses?
Some of the disadvantages of removable dentures include an adjustment period, a tendency for the prosthesis to move and slip, especially in the lower jaw, comfort issues and the possibility of food particles accumulating. Hooks or connections, especially in partial dentures, can cause aesthetic concerns.
They may provide less stability than implant-supported prostheses and the plastic materials used may change color over time. However, these disadvantages may change depending on the individual's specific needs, oral structure and lifestyle. If the use of removable dentures is being considered, the individual advantages and disadvantages should be evaluated in consultation with a dentist.