What is a Bridge Tooth? How Is It Made?
A bridge tooth is a type of dental prosthesis used to replace missing teeth or fill a gap. It is so named because of the way it connects the missing teeth to the intact teeth on either side, like a bridge. It provides aesthetic, functional and health benefits by replacing the missing tooth or teeth. Bridge tooth application is performed by dentists and after the impressions of the teeth are taken, the prostheses prepared in the laboratory are placed in the mouth.
They are usually made of durable materials such as porcelain or ceramic and have a similar appearance to natural teeth. In this way, they offer an aesthetic solution and can improve a person's smile. They can also replace missing teeth and improve chewing function.
What are the Types of Bridge Teeth?
Bridge teeth, which can be of different types, vary according to the person's needs and tooth structure. Types of bridge teeth are as follows:
Traditional Bridges: Traditional bridges are supported on intact teeth on either side of the missing tooth. Such bridges are usually made of metal alloy with porcelain veneers and have an aesthetic appearance.
Fanned Bridges: Caned bridges are supported by thin metal or ceramic leaves attached to the intact teeth behind the missing tooth. This type of bridge requires minimal intervention to the teeth and involves less cutting of tooth tissue.
Steel Bridges: This type of bridge consists of porcelain-coated teeth placed on a steel frame. The steel increases the durability of the bridge and ensures its longevity.
Implant Supported Bridges: Implant-supported bridges are fixed with implants to replace missing teeth. This type of bridge consists of porcelain teeth placed over the implants. Implant-supported bridges provide more chewing power and do not damage other teeth by distributing the pressure on the jawbone.
Temporary Bridges: Temporary bridges are used as a temporary solution while a permanent bridge is being prepared. The dentist can make temporary bridges to meet the aesthetic and functional needs of the person while the permanent bridge is being prepared.
Which type is most suitable may vary depending on factors such as the person's tooth structure, budget and aesthetic preferences. The dentist will assess the individual's situation and recommend the most appropriate type.
How is Bridge Tooth Application Performed?
Bridge tooth construction is a procedure performed by a dentist in a series of stages. The stages of its construction can be listed as follows:
Examination and Planning: First of all, it is performed by a dentist or dental prosthodontist. The first step is to locate the missing tooth or teeth and create a treatment plan. At this stage, the patient's tooth structure, the condition of healthy teeth and aesthetic preferences are taken into consideration.
Teeth Preparation: The healthy teeth may need to be prepared for the placement of the bridge teeth. This preparation may involve the removal of some tooth tissue on the healthy teeth. Impressions are taken on the prepared teeth.
Measurement: The dentist takes impressions of the prepared teeth and missing teeth. These measurements are sent to the laboratory and produced individually.
Temporary Bridge: A temporary bridge can be made to meet the aesthetic and functional needs of the patient until a permanent bridge is prepared. The temporary bridge helps the patient to continue their daily activities by filling the missing teeth.
Permanent Bridge Placement: The bridges are custom-made to fit the patient and are placed permanently. It is connected to intact teeth or implants. These connections ensure its fixation.
Adjustment and Finishing: Once in place, the dentist will make adjustments and add finishing touches if necessary. The correct aesthetic and functional fit is ensured.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Bridge Teeth
Bridge dentistry has many advantages, but in some cases it can also have disadvantages.
Advantages of Bridge Tooth:
- Improves dental aesthetics and beautifies the smile.
- Improves chewing and speech functions by replacing missing teeth.
- Can be completed faster than other restoration methods.
- It can help to align teeth and correct crookedness.
Disadvantages of a Bridge Tooth:
- To build a bridge, neighboring teeth must be cut, which can weaken healthy teeth.
- Braces may have a shorter lifespan than implants.
- They may be less durable than implants.
Who Can Receive Bridge Dental Treatment?
Bridge treatment can be performed when recommended by a dentist and preferred by suitable candidates. It is usually important that people considering treatment meet the following criteria:
Missing Teeth: It is used to replace or support missing teeth. Therefore, missing teeth must be present or extracted before starting treatment.
Dental and Gum Health: In order for the treatment to be performed, the person must have good dental and gum health.
Strongness of the Lateral Teeth: The lateral teeth must be strong and strong enough, because this is where the bridge attaches. If there are serious problems with the side teeth, these problems should be solved first.
Health Status: The general health status of people considering treatment should also be taken into account. Some health problems may affect or jeopardize treatment. Therefore, health status should be assessed.
People considering treatment should first consult a dentist. The dentist will assess the person's condition and recommend an appropriate treatment plan. Every patient is different, so treatment plans are tailor-made for each person.
What to Consider After Bridge Dental Treatment
After dental bridge treatment, it is important to observe some precautions for the health and durability of the new teeth. Things to consider after treatment:
Mouth Hygiene: It is very important to clean your teeth regularly. Maintain regular oral hygiene every day by using a toothbrush and dental floss.
Diet Control: After treatment, avoid hard or sticky foods. These types of foods can damage or dislodge teeth. Prioritize soft and tooth-friendly foods.
Dental Check-ups: Continue regular dental check-ups after treatment. Your dentist will monitor your oral and dental health and help detect any problems early.
Habitual Teeth Grinding: If you have a habit of grinding your teeth, tell your dentist. Teeth grinding can damage the bridge teeth and shorten the life of the treatment.
Smoking and Alcohol: Smoking and alcohol use can damage dental health and affect your bridge teeth. Avoid or limit these habits.