What is Tooth Enamel? Treatment of Tooth Enamel Wear
Enamel is the hard outer layer of the tooth that helps protect the soft inner tissue of the tooth, called the pulp, against tooth decay and infection. Although it is stronger than bone, it can wear away over time, leaving teeth vulnerable to damage. One of the easiest ways to prevent enamel wear is through a good oral care routine.
When enamel is damaged and worn away, there is no chance for the body to repair it. However, there are many things that can be done to prevent enamel damage and loss.
Why Does Tooth Enamel Wear Occur?
One of the main causes of enamel erosion is acids found in the food and liquids we consume. Saliva constantly neutralizes the acid in the mouth to protect the teeth. However, consuming too much acidic food and not brushing the teeth effectively leads to deterioration of the outer layer over time. In addition, conditions that can lead to enamel erosion can be listed as follows:
- Teeth grinding,
- Hard tooth brushing,
- Choosing the wrong toothbrush,
- Acidic foods and drinks,
- Some medicines,
- Genetic disorders,
- Eating disorders.
Symptoms of Enamel Wear
Caries are one of the most important factors that negatively affect dental health. The most important reason for this is the wear and loss of tooth enamel over time due to physiological disorders or improper dental care. In this case, the teeth are deprived of the protective enamel layer and tooth decay becomes inevitable. Taking the necessary precautions as soon as signs of enamel wear appear will reduce this risk. Symptoms that may indicate the onset of wear include:
- Increased tooth sensitivity,
- Blackened teeth,
- The formation of cavities and indentations on the tooth surface,
- Roughness of teeth,
- Cavities and cracks in the teeth,
- The discolored appearance of teeth in advanced enamel damage.
Treatment of Tooth Enamel Wear
Treatment of tooth enamel wear is performed depending on the degree of wear. After the dental examination, the level of wear is determined and the patient's treatment plan is made. The treatment of enamel erosion diagnosed early is simple, but in advanced stages, effective treatment methods are required. In case of progression of enamel loss, composite filling treatment can be applied to the patient. Porcelain lamina treatment may also be preferred depending on the level of wear.
The best way to treat erosion is to prevent it from happening in the first place. Even if a patient has some enamel erosion, they can prevent it from getting worse by practicing good oral hygiene.
Ways to Prevent Tooth Enamel Wear
Since it is not possible to repair worn tooth enamel on its own, it is necessary to know and pay attention to the precautions that can be taken before this situation occurs. Some of the ways to prevent enamel wear include:
- Teeth should be brushed effectively 2 times a day,
- A soft-bristled toothbrush should be preferred and teeth should not be brushed too hard,
- Supportive cleaning methods such as flossing and interdental brushing should be used,
- Sugary, acidic foods and drinks should be avoided,
- Regular dental check-ups should be made,
- Treatment should be provided for people with behaviors such as teeth grinding or clenching.